Profil Sanitasi Madrasah Tahun 2020 merupakan milestone atau tonggak sejarah penting baik dalam pengembangan Madrasah pada khususnya maupun pengembangan dunia Pendidikan islam pada umumnya.
Pemerintah Indonesia, melalui publikasi Profil Sanitasi Madrasah ini untuk pertama kalinya dapat memperlihatkan status perkembangan kondisi Air, Sanitasi dan Kebersihan di seluruh madrasah di Indonesia.
Data data terkait Sanitasi Madrasah ini penting bukan saja karena Sanitasi Madrasah merupakan salah satu indikator dalam Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) atau Tujuan Pembangunan Berkelanjutan (TPB), tetapi juga karena ketersediaan Sanitasi Madrasah, khususnya Sarana Cuci Tangan Pakai Sabun dan Air Mengalir, terbukti menjadi komponen yang vital untuk menghindari berbagai penyakit, termasuk Covid-19 yang telah menjadi pandemi saat ini
Oleh karena itu, dalam layanan EMIS Madrasah Tahun Pelajaran 2020/2021 telah di luncurkan fitur pengisian Sanitasi Madrasah Baca: Panduan Pengisian Sanitasi Madrasah Di EMIS Madrasah, yang salah satu tujuannya adalah untuk dijadikan sebagai dasar dan acuan untuk pengambilan keputusan dalam pelaksanaan pengembangan dan pembangunan Sanitasi Madrasah dalam krangka Usaha Kesehatan Sekolah/Madrasah (UKS/M), selain itu adanya pendataan terkait ketersediaan sarana kebersihan yang sesuai dengan standar Nasional juga merpakan salah satu indikator dalam Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) atau Tujuan Pembangunan Berkelanjutan (TPB)
Direktorat Kurikulum, Sarana dan Prasarana, Kelembagaan dan Kesiswaan Madrasah (KSKK) Madrasah, Kementerian Agama telah bekerjasama dengan berbagai pihak salah satunya dengan pihak UNICEF Indonesia, GIZ Fit for School dan SNV Indonesia
UNICEF, SNV and GIZ in Indonesia are committed to support the Government of Indonesia to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). One of the SDGs indicators is the availability of access to water, sanitation and hygiene in schools. Access to these is crucial to children’s healthy development and growth, including in madrasah/Islamic school. Children require proper water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) facilities to learn and grow. Evidence shows that such facilities and services can help to reduce risks of diarrhea, improve school participation and promote gender equality. It also gives children the opportunity to become agents of change in their families and communities to promote better hygiene practices.
Recognising the importance of madrasah’s access to water, sanitation ad hygiene, Ministry of Religious Affairs, has collected and analysed data on the current WASH conditions in all madrasah in Indonesia. This publication, the 2020 WASH in Madrasah Profile, provides the results of this analysis and highlights progress that has been achieved, but also the outstanding gaps in service provision.
Indonesia has published WASH in Schools profile back in 2017. However, the publication did not include madrasah, since at that time, the WASH data in madrasah were not available on the Education Management Information System (EMIS).
The availability of WASH in madrasah data in 2019 could complement the WASH in Schools data. These efforts are critical to the country’s achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for all children in Indonesia and to help promoting every child’s right to health. It has been a pleasure to partner with the Ministry of Religious Affair on this initiative. We are confident this important publication will become a valuable resource for policy makers, researchers and practitioners
Access to Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) in Madrasah is an essential part of a safe, clean and healthy school environment. Globally, WASH in Schools (WinS) is a key development priority that is now specifically recognized in Goal 4.a of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
The SDGs assess access to WinS across three criteria:
- Continuous access to safe drinking water sources
- Access to appropriate and gender-specific facilities, and
- Access to handwashing facilities supplied with soap and water.
WinS is assessed in terms of advanced access, basic access, limited access and no access to water, sanitation and hygiene provision. Currently, the main challenge to tracking progress on WinS toward the SDGs is a lack of adequate data, especially in madrasah context, where in Indonesia, the management of madrasah is separated with schools.
Madrasahs are under the juridication of Ministry of Religious Affair, while schools are under the responsibility of Ministry of Education and Culture.
To address this lack of data on WinS, Ministry of Religious Affair, with support from UNICEF, SNV and GIZ analyzed 2019 Education Management Information System data from Indonesian madrasah. The purpose of the analysis was to obtain a detailed picture of WASH in madrasah across the three SDG criteria.
In addition, the analysis was used to advocate for the importance of achieving WASH in Madrasah targets among stakeholders. This analysis can now be used as a reference for strengthening policymaking around education, health, and gender and especially WASH.
Madrasah with “basic access” are defined as those with protected water sources. Protected water sources include piped water, boreholes, rainwater, protected springs, protected wells and bottled water. In addition, “basic access” requires that the water source lies in close proximity to the madrasah and is available 24 hours a day. “Limited access”, meanwhile, is defined as a madrasah which limits access to a protected water source to specific times.
A Madrasah with defined as one with “no access” is one with no source of water or with an unprotected water source. Unprotected water sources include unprotected springs and surface sources like rivers and lakes.
Madrasah with “basic access” to sanitation are defined as those with adequate, wellfunctioning, gender-specific toilets. Adequate toilets are those that flush or those with pit latrines with lids. “Limited access” to sanitation means a Madrasah has an adequate number of toilets, but those toilets are either broken, non-gender-specific, or both.
Madrasahs are deemed to have “no access” to sanitation if there is no pit latrine or toilet on campus, which means students and teachers must practice open defecation. Madrasahs may also be classified as having “no access” if the toilets are unsafe; for example, if a pit latrine lacks a lid, or if faecal waste is dumped into a body of wáter like a lake or river via a “hanging toilet”.
Madrasahs with a “limited access” to hygiene are defined as schools that have installed hand-washing facilities. Madrasahs are considered as having “no access” to hygiene if no such facilities have been installed.
Key recommendations for education sector policymakers, local religious office departments and officials at the Ministry of Religious Affair have been developed based on the findings in this report. They are:
- Data verification mechanism is needed to test the quality of EMIS data. Currently the Ministry of Health, through Sanitarian Health Officers from each Puskesmas has conducted School and Madrasah Environmental Health Inspection (IKL) activities. It is expected that the Ministry of Religious Affair would collaborate and integrate EMIS data with IKL data from the Ministry of Health. Through the mechanism of sharing data and using this data, the information obtained from sanitarians through the IKL can be used as a tool to verify the quality of madrasah sanitation data in EMIS
- It is realized that filling in EMIS data in each madrasah is carried out by EMIS operators. Not all EMIS operators have technical knowledge on sanitation in madrasah context, especially several highly technical terms. For this reason, it is necessary to improve the quality of data through training in filling in Madrasah Sanitation data or through developing data filling guidelines
- Development of an online-based monitoring system and feedback mechanism is needed. This monitoring system and feedback mechanism are linked to the Ministry of Religious Affair’s performance measurement standards from the central, provincial to district / city levels. Besides that, the performance measurement reference can also be linked to the UKS / M sector or SDGs. This is needed to encourage the fulfillment of water, sanitation and hygiene facilities in madrasah.
- Based on the analysis in this publication, the condition of access WASH in Madrasah in Indonesia is still far from the expected standard. Efforts are needed to encourage data analysis in this publication to be used as a reference in planning and budgeting both by the relevant ministries at the central level, and by the relevant agencies at the provincial and district level.
Unduh Profil Sanitasi Madrasah
Untuk mengetahui lebih lengkapnya silahkan anda bisa mempelajari Profil Santasi Madrasah yang sesuai dengan Standar Nasional pada tautan berikut ini